3d modelling - vector

Refers to the design of 3-dimensional representations/reconstructions of objects or structures using a vector data model and specialised software.

Vector models use points, lines, curves and shapes (geometrical primitives), based on mathematical equations. These formulae build the best quality image possible, given the screen resolution, which is scalable to any size and detail, although the file size remains the same.

3D vector modelling techniques and data models include:

Point Cloud: Usually created by 3D scanners, which measure a large number of points on the surface of an object, and output a point cloud as a data file. The point cloud represents the visible surface of the object.

Surface Data: The use of 3D modelling techniques to analyse and represent the surface of an object or material.

Triangulated Irregular Network (TIN): A digital data structure used in a geographic information system (GIS) for the representation of a surface. It is made up of irregularly distributed nodes and lines with the three-dimensional coordinates X, Y and Z.

Wireframe: A visual presentation of a three dimensional object, created by specifying each edge of the physical object where two mathematically continuous smooth surfaces meet, or by connecting the object's vertices using straight lines or curves. It is then projected onto a computer screen by drawing lines at the location of each edge.

Related methods include: Animation and Texture design and mapping.

tool: Autodesk 3ds Max

Autodesk 3ds Max (formerly 3D Studio MAX) is an open source graphics software tool used by video game developers, motion picture studios and architectural visualisers for modelling and animation projects. One of the most advanced 3D modelling tools in the industry, 3ds Max has been utilised by many CGI-animated films such as Avatar and 2012 to generate computer graphics alongside live acting.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
3d graphic designPractice-led research
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
AnimationData structuring and enhancement
AnimationPractice-led research
Interface designData publishing and dissemination
Resource sharingData publishing and dissemination
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Alternate tool(s):

Maya, Poser, Blender

tool: ArcExplorer

ArcExplorer is a custom mapping tool that can be used in a web browser. ArcExplorer allows you to perform a range of basic GIS functions such as display, query and retrieve data.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d illustrationPractice-led research
2d modelling - rasterData structuring and enhancement
2d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
DocumentationStrategy and project management
Geo-referencing and projectionData structuring and enhancement
Graphical interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
Spatial data analysisData analysis
Use of existing digital dataData capture
Web browser scriptingData publishing and dissemination
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Alternate tool(s):

ArcGIS Explorer, worldKit, GeoCommons

tool: ERDAS Imagine

ERDAS Imagine is a suite of geospatial authoring software. The suite contains a raster graphics editor and remote sensing application that performs advanced remote sensing analysis and spatial modelling to create new information. ERDAS IMAGINE can also visualize results in 2D, 3D, movies, and on cartographic quality map compositions.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d illustrationPractice-led research
2d modelling - rasterData structuring and enhancement
2d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
AnimationData structuring and enhancement
Content analysisData analysis
Desktop publishing and pre-pressData publishing and dissemination
DocumentationStrategy and project management
Geo-referencing and projectionData structuring and enhancement
GPS and total station surveysData capture
Human factors analysisStrategy and project management
OverlayingData analysis
Remote sensingData capture
Resource sharingCommunication and collaboration
Statistical analysisData analysis
Video-based interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
VisualisationData analysis
Alternate tool(s):

SPRING, Virtual Terrain Project (VTP),

tool: ArcGIS

ArcGIS is a suite of software that comprises of Desktop GIS, Server GIS, Mobile GIS, and Online GIS. ArcGIS is a platform for building a complete geographic information system (GIS) that lets you easily create, edit, and analyse geographic knowledge on the desktop; publish data, maps, globes and models to a GIS server and/or share them online; and use them on the desktop, on the Web, or in the field.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d modelling - rasterData structuring and enhancement
2d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
Audio-visual interaction (synchronous)Communication and collaboration
Cataloguing and indexingData structuring and enhancement
Collaborative publishingData publishing and dissemination
CollatingData analysis
Content analysisData analysis
Desktop publishing and pre-pressData publishing and dissemination
Disk publishingData publishing and dissemination
DocumentationStrategy and project management
Geo-referencing and projectionData structuring and enhancement
Geophysical surveyData capture
GPS and total station surveysData capture
Graphical interaction (synchronous)Communication and collaboration
Graphical renderingData structuring and enhancement
IndexingData analysis
OverlayingData analysis
Resource sharingCommunication and collaboration
Resource sharingData publishing and dissemination
Spatial data analysisData analysis
VisualisationData analysis
Alternate tool(s):

GRASS (Geographic Analysis Support System) GIS, ThinkGeo

tool: RivEx

RivEx is a river network tool designed to run under ESRI ArcMap 9.1. It allows for quality control and analysis of the river network and creation of node layers.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d graphic designPractice-led research
2d illustrationPractice-led research
2d modelling - rasterData structuring and enhancement
2d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d graphic designPractice-led research
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
Desktop publishing and pre-pressData publishing and dissemination
DocumentationStrategy and project management
Geo-referencing and projectionData structuring and enhancement
Graphical interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
Graphical renderingData structuring and enhancement
Human factors analysisStrategy and project management
Texture design and mappingPractice-led research
Use of existing digital dataData capture
Virtual world modellingPractice-led research
VisualisationData analysis
Lifecycle stage:
Alternate tool(s):

MotherPlanet

tool: Mercury Amira

Mercury Amira is a multifaceted tool that allows for integration, manipulation, and visualisation of large sets of data. Automatic and interactive segmentation tools support processing of 3D image data.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d graphic designPractice-led research
2d illustrationPractice-led research
2d modelling - rasterData structuring and enhancement
2d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
2d scanning and photographyData capture
3d graphic designPractice-led research
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
3d scanningData capture
Content analysisData analysis
Desktop publishing and pre-pressData publishing and dissemination
DocumentationStrategy and project management
Geo-referencing and projectionData structuring and enhancement
Geophysical surveyData capture
GPS and total station surveysData capture
Graphical interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
Image manipulationPractice-led research
Image segmentationData analysis
Spatial data analysisData analysis
Virtual world modellingData structuring and enhancement
VisualisationData analysis
Lifecycle stage:
Alternate tool(s):

Avizo

tool: Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop is an editor for still images. It is equipped with a diverse range of processing tools, enabling users to create or modify content through the use of drawing tools, filters, or other plug-ins.
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Suite:
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d graphic designPractice-led research
2d illustrationPractice-led research
2d modelling - rasterData structuring and enhancement
2d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
2d scanning and photographyData capture
3d graphic designPractice-led research
3d modelling - interactiveData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
3d modelling - vectorPractice-led research
3d scanningPractice-led research
Graphical interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
Graphical renderingData structuring and enhancement
Image enhancementData structuring and enhancement
Image feature measurementData analysis
Image manipulationPractice-led research
Image restorationData structuring and enhancement
Image segmentationData analysis
PhotogrammetryData structuring and enhancement
PhotographyPractice-led research
PhotomontagePractice-led research
VisualisationData analysis
Lifecycle stage:
Alternate tool(s):

GraphicConverter, 36-image converter

tool: TurnTool

TurnTool is a suite of tools that enable 3D models to be created and viewed in a low-bandwidth environment. The suite consists of two components: a TurnToolBox plug-in for integration with 3D Studio Max, Autodesk Viz, Cinema4D and ArchiCAD that allows these software applications to export objects into the TurnTool format; and a TurnTable Viewer plug-in that is able to recreate the 3D model in a windowed environment or web browser.
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Methods relating to this toolCategory
3d modelling - vectorData structuring and enhancement
General website developmentData publishing and dissemination
Lifecycle stage:
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