Sound encoding - MIDI

Refers to the transformation of sound signals into a MIDI-conforming data structure. ‘MIDI’ stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, and allows synchronisation and data sharing between different electronic musical instruments. As an industry standard, it allows compatibility between different devices, such as computers, synthesisers, MIDI controllers, sound cards, samplers and drum machines.

The use of MIDI in music enables musicians to control a large number of different instruments from a single keyboard.

It records the sound as data, rather than audio waveforms, and works by transmitting ‘event messages’ about parameters such as pitch, volume and tempo. This means that MIDI files tend to be very compact. However, it also means that the same file might sound different when played through different synthesisers.

Related methods include: Resource sharing and Sound generation.

tool: Pro Tools

Pro Tools is an audio creation and production software. With Pro Tools it is possible to compose, record, edit, and mix music or sound for picture — all within one system.
Methods relating to this toolCategory
Audio mixingPractice-led research
Music recognitionData capture
Sound analysisData analysis
Sound compressionData structuring and enhancement
Sound editingData structuring and enhancement
Sound editingPractice-led research
Sound encodingData structuring and enhancement
Sound encoding - MIDIData structuring and enhancement
Sound generationData capture
Sound generationPractice-led research
Sound recordingData capture
Sound recordingPractice-led research
Lifecycle stage:
Alternate tool(s):

Cubase, Reaper, Nuendo

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