Photography is the process, activity and art of creating still or moving pictures by recording radiation on a sensitive medium, such as a photographic film (a film camera), or an electronic sensor (a digital camera). The different types of camera are each more suited to different situations and objectives.

If images are captured using a digital camera, they can be displayed on the camera itself, and the photograph can be taken again if the desired result was not achieved. These images can then immediately be transferred onto a computer to be enhanced or manipulated, and either displayed on screen or printed. Metadata can be added to give further information about the image.

In some cases, images produced using a film camera can achieve a higher quality, or more preferable results, than those taken using a digital camera. However, digital camera technology is continually developing. Additionally, there are concerns over the sustainability of digital images due to the large number of formats which would need to be maintained. This means that preservation strategies are particularly important in this area.

Related methods include: Image enhancement and Image manipulation.

tool: FocusOPEN Digital Asset Manager

Open source Digital Asset Management solution designed for medium size preservation, cataloguing, media archiving and batch transcoding.
Methods relating to this toolCategory
AnimationPractice-led research
Cataloguing and indexingData structuring and enhancement
Collaborative publishingData publishing and dissemination
CollatingData analysis
Content analysisData analysis
CurationStrategy and project management
Data miningData analysis
General project managementStrategy and project management
Graphical interaction (synchronous)Communication and collaboration
Graphical renderingData structuring and enhancement
Image feature measurementData analysis
Image manipulationPractice-led research
Image segmentationData analysis
IndexingData analysis
Manual input and transcriptionData capture
OverlayingData analysis
PhotographyPractice-led research
PreservationStrategy and project management
Record linkagesData structuring and enhancement
Resource sharingCommunication and collaboration
Server scriptingData publishing and dissemination
Statistical analysisData analysis
Streaming mediaData publishing and dissemination
Text encoding - presentationalData structuring and enhancement
Text encoding - referentialData structuring and enhancement
Text miningData analysis
Text recognitionData capture
Textual interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
Textual interaction (synchronous)Communication and collaboration
Use of existing digital dataData capture
User contributed contentData publishing and dissemination
Video and moving image compressionData structuring and enhancement
Video editingPractice-led research
Video post productionPractice-led research
Video-based interaction (asynchronous)Communication and collaboration
Lifecycle stage:

tool: Flickr

Flickr is an online community service that enables registered users to upload, tag, group, comment and rate photographs, artwork, illustrations, screenshots and videos. Images may be shared via Flickr galleries or embedded in external blogs and social media. Hosting approximately 4 billion images, Flickr is also available for unregistered users to search and browse galleries and navigate geospatial maps.
Methods relating to this toolCategory
2d graphic designPractice-led research
2d illustrationPractice-led research
2d scanning and photographyData capture
PhotographyPractice-led research
User contributed contentData publishing and dissemination
Lifecycle stage:
Alternate tool(s):


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